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Introduction to stochastic integration, Second Edition by Kai Lai Chung, Ruth J. Williams PDF

By Kai Lai Chung, Ruth J. Williams

ISBN-10: 0817633863

ISBN-13: 9780817633868

ISBN-10: 3764333863

ISBN-13: 9783764333867

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6328 ~m laser wavelength. 0, the best semiconductor films available today, for the visible spectrum, are the Ta20S amorphous films developed by Hensler and his co-workers. 6 eV) and thus, neglecting serious band tailing effects, light of wavelengths as short as 3000 ~ can be propagated. These films are formed by first depositing S-tantalum on glass substrates. This process involves the sputtering of highpurity tantalum in an argon atmosphere. The deposited S-tantalum is then heated in pure oxygen at 500°C for about 20 hours to form Ta20S' The temperature and the time of oxidation are critical for forming low-loss waveguides.

Let the distance between 1 and 2 along x be d, and let n3 and 63 be the refractive index of the prism and the angle between ray A3 and the surface normal, respectively. The phase delay between 1 and 2 for the wave in the film will then be knld sin e1 , and that between l' and 2' for the wave in the prism will be kn3dsin63. Since the horizontal component of A3 is S3 = kn3sin63' and that for Ai is Sl = knlsin6l, we have, for the synchronous condition, S = S = 1 3 S or kn l sin6 l = kn 3sin6 3 • (26) For any waveguide mode, we have a value of 61 associated with the zigzag wave.

3 o {Uk Figure 12 The figure shows how the volume absorption loss and the surface scattering loss of a film-waveguide can be separated by simple measurements. varies from almost nothing for the m = 0 mode to about 11 dB/cm for the m = 3 mode. It is important to point out that the scattering loss varies inversely with the thickness of the film. 3 ~m thick. Therefore, one must specify the order of the waveguide mode and the thickness of the film when quoting losses. Because of the large concentration of light intensity achieved by a wave propagating in thin films, several attempts l have been made since 1969 to study nonlinear optics in film-waveguides.

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