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David Greer's Blue Genes: Sharing and Conserving the Worlds Aquatic PDF

By David Greer

ISBN-10: 1552501574

ISBN-13: 9781552501573

ISBN-10: 1844071057

ISBN-13: 9781844071050

ISBN-10: 1844071065

ISBN-13: 9781844071067

The development of genetic sciences has resulted in a 'blue revolution' within the method we use aquatic biodiversity. via 2020, the realm may be consuming virtually as a lot farmed as wild fish, marine micro organism may yield the remedy for melanoma and deep-sea micro organism could be exploited to gobble up oil spills. technology is relocating forward at a spectacular velocity, and the call for for genetic assets is starting to be speedily - but governance and coverage lag some distance at the back of. This groundbreaking paintings is the 1st to examine the possession, governance and alternate in aquatic genetic assets. Blue Genes describes the becoming call for for aquatic genetic assets and the determined have to fill the coverage vacuum in regards to the administration and conservation of aquatic biodiversity, which might support create a starting place for principles dictating entry to, and use of, aquatic genetic assets. distinctive cognizance is paid to indigenous and native humans having the perfect to entry those assets and their position in dealing with and preserving aquatic biodiversity. The ebook concludes with coverage options in particular adapted to aquatic assets, with using six case reports from 4 continents to demonstrate key matters.

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Additional resources for Blue Genes: Sharing and Conserving the Worlds Aquatic Biodiversity

Example text

But the value of any given stock may become much more apparent in the future if it’s the one with the genetic ability to adapt to climate change or to some other natural catastrophe. Unfortunately, the future, unknown values of genetic resources to humanity don’t carry much weight in the political process. That, in a nutshell, is the fundamental dilemma facing sustainable development strategies. Threats to the diversity of aquatic species Plant biodiversity includes not only wild plants but also hundreds of thousands of varieties of food crops developed over centuries.

Wild genetic diversity has inestimable value for conventional harvest fisheries, so basing fisheries management policies only on current commercial values of stocks, and not considering their genetic resources, is a short-sighted approach. For example, several thousand distinct Pacific salmon stocks spawn in the rivers along the west coast of Canada. If ocean warming occurs, stocks that have little commercial significance at present may be far more able to adapt to changing water temperatures than those currently emphasized in management policies.

Traditional methods of plant and animal breeding, hybridization, and chromosome set manipulation all constitute genetic modification, but international agreements and national legislation define genetically modified organisms much more narrowly as transgenic organisms – those that have had genes from another species or genus inserted into their cells (FAO, 2000). However, the World Fish Center uses a broader definition that includes the products of captive and selective breeding, hybridization between species, development of monosex populations, and several other techniques (Penman, 1999).

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Blue Genes: Sharing and Conserving the Worlds Aquatic Biodiversity by David Greer


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