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Download e-book for iPad: Beyond Sweatshops: Foreign Direct Investment and by Theodore H. Moran

By Theodore H. Moran

ISBN-10: 0815706154

ISBN-13: 9780815706151

Photos of sweatshop labour in constructing nations have rallied rivals of globalization opposed to overseas direct funding (FDI). the talk is such a lot acute over the therapy of low-skilled staff generating clothing, shoes, toys and activities apparatus in foreign-owned vegetation or the crops of subcontractors. Activists cite low wages, terrible operating stipulations and a number of monetary, actual and sexual abuses one of the adverse results of the globalization of undefined. This quantity examines the influence of FDI in production on progress and welfare in constructing nations, and explores how host governments can make the most of the contributions of overseas funding whereas warding off dangers to lower-skilled employees.

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Extra info for Beyond Sweatshops: Foreign Direct Investment and Globalization in Developing Nations

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So far, however, these are only hypotheses. As competition among employers grows, as labor markets become less isolated, and as the operations in foreign-owned plants become increasingly sophisticated, what evidence is there of visible change in labor-management relations? Are shifts in the treatment of workers reflected only in the behavior of individual employers—or are there signs of cumulative improvement in the treatment of workers across EPZs and across industrial sectors? Despite the difficulty of finding comparable data over long periods of time, the experiences of the Philippines, the Dominican Republic, and Costa Rica provide a remarkably clear and consistent picture of evolution in the treatment of workers as labor-market conditions change in EPZs.

40 Mauritius, meanwhile, had begun the slow process of trying to diversify beyond the lowest-skill EPZ operations into relatively more sophisticated, higher-skill operations. The next chapter, which investigates the impact on the treatment of workers when higher-skill operations are introduced alongside lower-skill operations, turns to countries where this diversification has proceeded further, and where more extensive data are available on the evolution of working conditions in EPZs. chapter 3 Improving the Treatment of Workers at the Bottom by Providing a Path Up from Below This chapter continues to examine, in more depth and detail, how developing countries might be able to maximize the benefits that foreign direct investment provides for low-skilled and leastskilled workers, while minimizing the dangers and difficulties.

01 an hour in 2000. But the growth in compensation was not confined to the newer zones: wages and benefits for production workers in some of the older zones (such as the La Romana zone) actually exceeded the national average for the zones, perhaps because firms requiring higher-skilled workers settled alongside garment and footwear producers. 21 an hour. 21 an hour in 2000. Across all zones, 10 percent of male workers and 6 percent of female workers qualified as technicians in 2000. 51 As in the Philippines, however, labor relations in the Dominican Republic are not without controversy: there have been ongoing complaints to the ILO that wages are set by direct interaction between management and employees in individual plants, and that disputes are resolved through mediation, without formal collective bargaining.

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Beyond Sweatshops: Foreign Direct Investment and Globalization in Developing Nations by Theodore H. Moran


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