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Download PDF by A.R. Lacey: Bergson (Arguments of the Philosophers)

By A.R. Lacey

ISBN-10: 0415487870

ISBN-13: 9780415487870

Bergson used to be one of many most advantageous thinkers to return out of France within the overdue 19th century. A.R. Lacey examines his arguments from theories of metaphysics, id and psychoanalysis to his ethical philosophy and philosophy of technological know-how. This publication will be of curiosity to lecturers and scholars of philosophy.

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Anything which is to be real must be undivided and possess the unity of a whole. Yet space is essentially the 23 BERGSON divisible and provides the framework for counting, which is homogeneous in the sense that countables must be regarded as exactly similar to each other for the purpose of being counted. Since real things are not exactly similar in this way and are not ‘cut ut it in a off from each other with a hatchet’, as Anaxagoras somewhat different context, spatiality must be somet K ing of an ideal limit and cannot wholeheartedly apply to real things.

Ber son admits that when we do ‘abstract’ time in this way we are ‘rea Kly giving up time’ (TF, 98). The procedure reminds one of tried to deal with the same problem of how St Augustine measuring what was not there to bc measured by setting up a representation of the time in his own mind and measuring that instead, a procedure subject to the same objection of Igno~nrio elenchi: the wrong thing is being measured. With Bergson, however, it would be unfair to dismiss him by taking this point in isolation from the rest of his philosophy, which ocs far beyond that of Augustine.

There is a multiplicity of materia r objects and a multiplicity of states of consciousness. The first of these is ordinary multiplicity, but the second is harder to grasp, and seems to be more like qualitative variegatedness, It is often called qualitative multiplicity. One thing Bergson seems to be referring to is the richness of an experience which has many different features, but where not only the experience as a whole but the features as well would not be what they are without each other.

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