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New PDF release: Bacterial Adhesion: Mechanisms and Physiological

By J. William Costerton, Thomas J. Marrie, K.-J. Cheng (auth.), Dwayne C. Savage, Madilyn Fletcher (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461565146

ISBN-13: 9781461565147

ISBN-10: 1461565162

ISBN-13: 9781461565161

Study of the phenomena of bacterial adhesion to surfaces has speeded up significantly over the last 10 to fifteen years. in this interval, microbiologists became more and more conscious that attachment to a substratum affects significantly the actions and constructions of microbial cells. in addition, in lots of instances connected groups of cells have vital results on their substratum and the encompassing setting. Such phenomena are actually identified to be very important in plant and animal hosts, water and soil ecosystems, and man-made buildings and business tactics. a lot paintings on microbial adhesion within the early Nineteen Seventies was once descriptive. these reviews have been very important for detecting and describing the phenomena of bacterial adhesion to substrata in a number of environments; the findings were awarded in several lately released, first-class books and experiences. In a few reports, makes an attempt have been made to explain a few funda­ psychological rules controlling adhesion approaches in several environments containing quite a few microorganisms. universal threads were saw sometimes in several experiences. Taken as an entire, even though, the knowledge has printed that many disparate elements are curious about adhesion methods. even if a selected microorganism can adhere to a definite substratum depends upon the homes of the microbial pressure itself and on charac­ teristics of the substratum and of the environment.

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Additional info for Bacterial Adhesion: Mechanisms and Physiological Significance

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Phenomena of Bacterial Adhesion 17 Figure 10. SEM of the biofilm formed by staphylococcal cells, of bacteremic origin, that had colonized the metal surface of a cardiac pacemaker. This thick bacterial biofilm. composed of coccoid cells and their enveloping glycocalyx material (arrows) . allowed its component cells to withstand the therapeutic challenge of very high levels of antibiotics (cloxacillin and rifampicin). 18 I. Introduction and Description of Surfaces Figure 11. TEM of a ruthenium red-stained preparation of material scraped from the surface of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) that had been implanted in the uterus of a healthy , entirely asymptomatic woman for several months.

1. Biofilm Formation and Structure The biofilms that develop on prostheses may contain a single organism that has colonized a sterilely implanted prosthesis by way of the bloodstream (hematogenous contact) (Marrie and Costerton, 1983a) leading to the formation of a monospecies biofilm (Fig. 10). , the cervix) and acquired a variety of colonizing organisms (Marrie and Costerton, 1983b) that develop into adherent mirocolonies and finally into a coherent and continuous multispecies biofilm (Fig. II).

E. ), Academic Press, New York, pp. 317-347. Rozee, K. , and Costerton, J. , 1982, Microbial flora of the mouse ileum mucous layer and epithelial surface, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 43: 145 1-1463. , Lashen, E. , and Costerton, 1. , 1982, Biocide testing against corrosion-causing oilfield bacteria helps control plugging, Oil Gas 1. March 8:253-264. Savage, D. C, 1977, Microbial ecology of the gastrointestinal tract, Annu. Rev. Microbiol. 31:107-133. , and Boring, J. , IJI, 1971, Antiphagocytic effect of slime from a mucoid strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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Bacterial Adhesion: Mechanisms and Physiological Significance by J. William Costerton, Thomas J. Marrie, K.-J. Cheng (auth.), Dwayne C. Savage, Madilyn Fletcher (eds.)

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