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New PDF release: An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of

By Edward Potts Cheyney

An advent to the commercial and Social historical past of britain is gifted the following in a top quality paperback variation. This renowned vintage paintings by way of Edward Potts Cheyney is within the English language, and will no longer contain photos or pictures from the unique variation. for those who benefit from the works of Edward Potts Cheyney then we hugely suggest this ebook on your booklet assortment.

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Sample text

Each vill possessed its church, which was generally, though by no means always, close to the houses of the village. There was usually a manor house, which varied in size from an actual castle to a building of a character scarcely distinguishable from the primitive houses of the villagers. This might be occupied regularly or occasionally by the lord of the manor, but might otherwise be inhabited by the steward or by a tenant, or perhaps only serve as the gathering place of the manor courts. Connected with the manor house was an enclosure or courtyard commonly surrounded by buildings for general farm purposes and for cooking or brewing.

By the fourteenth century the gild merchant of the town was a much less conspicuous institution than it had previously been. " These organizations are usually described in later writings as craft gilds. It is not to be understood that the gild merchant and the craft gilds never existed contemporaneously in any town. The former began earlier and decayed before the craft gilds reached their height, but there was a considerable period when it must have been a common thing for a man to be a member both of the gild merchant of the town and of the separate organization of his own trade.

Wheat and rye of several varieties were raised as bread-stuff, barley and some other grains for the brewing of beer. Field peas and beans were raised, sometimes for food, but generally as forage for cattle. The main supply of winter forage for the farm animals had, however, to be secured in the form of hay, and for this reliance was placed entirely on the natural meadows, as no clover or grasses which could be artificially raised on dry ground were yet known. Meadow land was constantly estimated at twice the value of arable ground or more.

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An Introduction to the Industrial and Social History of England by Edward Potts Cheyney


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