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Download PDF by W. John Hutchins, Harold L. Somers: An Introduction to Machine Translation

By W. John Hutchins, Harold L. Somers

ISBN-10: 012362830X

ISBN-13: 9780123628305

The interpretation of international language texts through pcs was once one of many first initiatives that the pioneers of computing and synthetic intelligence set themselves. laptop translation is back changing into an immense box of study and improvement because the desire for translations of technical and advertisement documentation is starting to be well past the ability of the interpretation occupation. this can be the 1st textbook of computer translation, delivering an entire path on either normal computing device translation platforms features and the computational linguistic foundations of the sphere. computer Translation assumes no prior wisdom of the sector and offers the elemental historical past info to the linguistic and computational foundations of the topic. it really is a useful textual content for college kids of computational linguistics, synthetic intelligence, average language processing, and knowledge technological know-how.

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39a) John persuaded Mary to visit his father. (39b) John promised Mary to visit his father. 32 Linguistic background We know that in (39a) the person who is (or was) to visit John's father is not John but Mary, whereas in (39b) it is not Mary but John. The deep structure for (39a) would be (40). The derivation of the surface form (39a) from the deep structure in (40) involves the deletion of the NP Mary in the complement S, and the transformation of the finite verb (visit) into an infinitive. A similar deep structure for (39b) — with promised instead of persuaded and John instead of the second Mary — would involve the same rules to generate a surface form.

The first part of the sentence is what it is ‘about’, and is called its theme. What follows, the new information, is the rheme. In an alternative terminology, these are topic and comment respectively. The processes involved in the selection of theme elements is frequently referred to as thematisation: in English and other European languages, passivisation is one common means of changing the theme of a sentence. In English, the distinction between old and new information is expressed primarily by the use of definite or indefinite expressions, but in languages such as Russian where there are no articles, the distinction is conveyed by word order (18).

Readers who have a good background in linguistics might like to skip parts of this chapter, or read it quickly so as to see our own, perhaps idiosyncratic, approach to familiar material. 10). 8 is essential for the understanding of all chapters. The information in the last two sections should be regarded as supplementary, for reference when the need arises. 1 The study of language The study of language takes many forms. It can concentrate on historical aspects, language change and evolution, older forms of a language, the origin of language.

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An Introduction to Machine Translation by W. John Hutchins, Harold L. Somers

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