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An introduction to English morphology: words and their - download pdf or read online

By Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

ISBN-10: 0748613269

ISBN-13: 9780748613267

ISBN-10: 0748613277

ISBN-13: 9780748613274

What precisely are phrases? Are they the issues that get indexed in dictionaries, or are they the fundamental devices of sentence constitution? Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy explores the results of those various ways to phrases in English. He explains some of the ways that phrases are concerning each other, and exhibits how the heritage of the English language has affected notice constitution. subject matters contain: phrases, sentences and dictionaries; a notice and its elements (roots and affixes); a be aware and its varieties (inflection); a observe and its relations (derivation); compound phrases; note constitution; productiveness; and the historic resources of English note formation.

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But a consideration of allomorphy shows that that would be unsatisfactory. ) seems to be a pure accident. However, this shared pattern of allomorphy is just what we expect if -duce is a root morpheme that they all share (one of its allomorphs being -duct-), while they differ prefixally. g. 4. Some of the nouns and verbs that I have just claimed to be related do not have much to do with each other semantically, one must admit. For example, the meaning of conduce (a rather rare verb) has nothing to do with that of conduction, and the noun that seems most closely related to involve is not involution (another rarity) but involvement.

For a readable and engaging discussion of the distinction between regular and irregular inflection, and of its wide implications for our understanding of how language is processed in the brain, see Pinker (1999). Aronoff (1994) discusses the fact that the same word form serves as both perfect participle and passive participle in English, despite the fact that syntactically the two are quite distinct. Citing similar examples, he points out the wider implications of this phenomenon for morphological theory.

This tells us something about the relationship between perform and performance: it is a relationship not between word forms but rather between lexemes. ) Thus derivational morphology is concerned with one kind of relationship between lexemes. 44 02 pages 001-152 18/10/01 3:43 pm Page 45 A WORD AND ITS RELATIVES : DERIVATION 45 There are many ways in which lexemes can be related. We are not concerned here with relationships solely of meaning (such as the synonymy of  and ) or of sound (such as the homonymy of  ‘line of people or things’ and  ‘propel with oars’).

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An introduction to English morphology: words and their structure by Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy

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