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New PDF release: An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods

By Shawn Loewen, Luke Plonsky

ISBN-10: 1137403217

ISBN-13: 9781137403216

"A short and available advent to the ideas and strategies utilized in utilized linguistics learn, with a view to be illustrated utilizing real-life examples. The publication covers either qualitative and quantitative learn layout, sampling strategies, instrumentation and analyses present in utilized linguistics research"--

summary: "A short and available advent to the suggestions and strategies utilized in utilized linguistics examine, on the way to be illustrated utilizing real-life examples. The ebook covers either qualitative and quantitative examine layout, sampling approaches, instrumentation and analyses present in utilized linguistics study"

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Extra resources for An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods

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However, anxiety cannot be measured directly. In order to do research on this construct, there must be something that is taken as evidence of anxiety. Thus, researchers have developed surveys, for example, that attempt to measure anxiety by asking learners to agree or disagree with questions such as: I never feel quite sure of myself when I am speaking in my foreign language class and I start to panic when I have to speak without preparation in language class (Horwitz, Horwitz, & Cope, 1986). It is also possible to measure behavioral or physiological manifestations of anxiety, such as increased heart rate.

T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. Central tendency A general function of descriptive statistics is to summarize a set of data. Measures of central tendency provide information about the most typical and representative scores in the data by specifying the midpoint in the data set. The most common measure of central tendency is the mean, which indicates the mathematical average score in the data. However, when data are heavily skewed or contain outliers, the median, which is the middle score in the data, can be a better indicator of central tendency.

Erlam, R. (2006). Implicit and explicit corrective feedback and the acquisition of L 2 grammar. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 28, 339–368. , & Izquierdo, J. (2009). Prompts versus recasts in dyadic interaction. Language Learning, 59, 453–498. Shadish, W. , Cook, T. , & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. Central tendency A general function of descriptive statistics is to summarize a set of data.

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An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods by Shawn Loewen, Luke Plonsky


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