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Read e-book online Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence PDF

By Hong Hai

ISBN-10: 9814452017

ISBN-13: 9789814452014

Acupuncture is commonly practised within the twenty first century in scientifically built international locations for a variety of diseases starting from continual soreness, giddiness and hypertension to gastrointestinal problems and sexual disorder. but the explanations for its vaunted efficacy stay a question of controversy. In conventional chinese language clinical thought, the mechanism of motion in acupuncture was once understood when it comes to the circulation of qi and the stability of yin and yang throughout the body's meridians, a posh community painstaking charted yet by no means discovered. smooth scientific researchers have tested outdated and new needling issues, and a few view them as "trigger issues" that stimulate physiological responses within the physique. there's additionally transparent proof of robust placebo results, even though it has no longer been conclusively proven that that this can be both the most or the one major impression.

This quantity includes twelve articles overlaying the most recent clinical causes of the mechanism of acupuncture and important reports of medical trials on its efficacy via best students, together with Edzard Ernst at Exeter, Lixing Lao on the collage of Maryland, notebook Leung on the chinese language college of Hong Kong and Thomas Lundeberg at Karolinska Institute.

Hong Hai is Senior Fellow on the Institute of complex stories and Adjunct Professor, Nanyang Technological college, Singapore and Director of the Renhai medical institution.

Readership: doctors, either Western docs and TCM practitioners, acupuncturists, researchers and scholars. additionally, libraries of TCM specialist institutions and instructing institutes.

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Extra info for Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence

Sample text

Lundeberg on how the acupuncture treatment is performed, different types of mechanoreceptors are activated. A majority of the described acupuncture points are found in muscle tissue. When an acupuncture needle is inserted into a muscle and rotated muscle spindles are activated. The information from the spindle is conveyed into the spinal cord through Ia afferent nerves resulting in a reflex whereby the muscle fibers around the acupuncture needle are contracted. Further manipulation of the needle results in the activation of ergo-receptors in the muscle, pressure receptors that are commonly activated by strong muscle contraction.

On this issue Sivin and Lloyd said “objectivity did not become an issue” (Ref. 61, pp. 192) and “Scientific pursuits in China thus did not aim at stepwise approximations to an objective reality but at recovery of what the archaic sages already knew” (Ref. 61, pp. 193). There has been a virtual lack in traditional East Asian thinking of the ‘either-or’ thinking that is a hallmark of the scientific approach. In the either-or assumptive model, one cannot accept the validity of competing ideas; if one idea is considered right a contradictory one must be wrong.

53,90 We will thus not engage in arguments or discussions further about paradigmatic differences, instead focusing here on a number of important philosophical differences. 18 There has been a virtual lack of ‘objectivity’ in traditional East Asian thinking. 34 This approach is based on the assumptions that the person observing does not influence what is observed and that they are able to separate themselves from their observations. The objective world is described once individual experiences of the world are superceded.

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Acupuncture: Theories and Evidence by Hong Hai

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